Monitoring blood glucose at home
A stable diabetic dog should have a blood glucose range of about 5 -12 mmol/l (90-216 mg/dl) for most of a 24 hour period.
Your veterinary surgeon may ask if you are prepared
to monitor blood glucose levels at home. This can be done in two ways
and your veterinary surgeon will discuss the best option with you.
- Blood test strips similar to those used for testing urine can be used.
- A handheld glucometer
can be used. Although not essential, handheld glucometers are easy to
use and well worth the investment.Your veterinary surgeon will be able
to advise you on what model best suits you and your dog's needs.
Collecting and testing a blood
During home monitoring, blood
is usually collected from the earflap (pinna) of your dog.
- Make sure that your dog’s ear is warm. If not, hold it between
your hands for about one minute. Warming the earflap makes collecting
a drop of blood easier.
- Quickly prick a clean, hairless part of the ear with a sterile hypodermic
needle or lancet.
- A small drop of blood will appear. Collect the drop onto the glucose
- Gently but firmly press some cottonwool onto your pet’s ear
until it stops bleeding.
- Read the test strip or insert the sample into the glucometer as instructed.
Blood glucose test strips
strips are used to measure blood glucose concentration. A drop of blood
is placed on the pad at the end of the strip. After the specified amount
of time the pad is wiped and the colour is checked against the chart on
the container. Read the instructions provided before use.
Using a glucometer
A drop of blood
is placed on the provided strips, the strip is then inserted into the
glucometer, and the blood glucose concentration is shown. Read the instructions
provided before use.